Y-Bias and Angularity:©
The Dynamics of Self-Organizing Criticality
From the Zero Point to Infinity
David G. Yurth
Donald Ayres, A.E.
This is the scale at which virtual ensembles of undifferentiated, self-referential potential interact to become data in the semantic sense. This is the scale at which Time first becomes operative as a separate and distinct dimension with energy density of its own. Additionally, this is the scale at which the SOC rules become fully operative.
In Bearden we find,
Professor Emeritus Dipak K. Sen, Department of Mathematics at the University of Toronto has said of this analysis,
The source charge problem ”the most difficult problem in classical and quantum electrodynamics” has been solved by Bearden.[[i]]
At the secondary scale, the interactions of charge ensembles create time, as an expression of the dissipation of energy [entropy]. When entropy is reversed, by definition time must also be reversed. At the secondary scale, we observe a number of phenomena which are not accommodated by the Standard Model. As Y-Bias/Angularity Theory suggests, for a wide range of situations, it is useful to interpret all field effects as derivative polarized expressions arising from the primary scalar potentials.
A primary attribute of primary charge ensembles is the rotational behavior referred to as ‘spin.’ For example, while it may be true that the spin polarization states SL and SR [spin left and spin right] contradict a rule of quantum mechanics referred to as the Pauli Prohibition[[ii]], where both attributes are found in the same ensemble, we beg the question by suggesting that under quantum mechanical conditions at finite scales, the fundamental laws of quantum physics as described in the Standard Model operate in ways we do not yet really understand [[iii]]. If it were not so, Murray Gell-Mann would not have been awarded a Nobel Prize for the discovery and description of Quarks, which also violate the Pauli Exclusion Principle, by definition.
The fact that the mathematical structure Gell-Mann ascribed to the operational states of Quarks violates the EPR formulations of gravitational effect, coupled with the fact that his mathematical model prohibits the existence of any smaller class of sub-atomic particles, does not speak well of the adequacy of the Standard Model. In 1997, for example, Gell-Manns former colleagues at FermiLabs announced the discovery of Sub-Quarks [[iv]], the constituent pairs of sub-atomic particles which are now known to comprise all six known Quark and Anti-quark particles. Presumably, these structures also violate the Pauli Exclusion Principle, since they operate at finer scales than either Quarks or Anti-quarks. The concept of a Physical Vacuum and the operation of five fields which are shown as derivative expressions of Y-Bias interactions [arising from interactions via a single undifferentiated field] cannot reasonably be excluded unless the discovery of Quarks and Sub-Quarks is also excluded.[[v]]
Secondary Scale Interactions & Attributes
A sizable list of attributes has been experimentally identified which demonstrates that interactions in the secondary scale operate concomitantly as holographic expressions, manifesting non-local/non-linear [N2L2] attributes, without regard to time and distance, and as fractals, evincing local-linear attributes in L4. Operations at this scale are characterized by a variety of behaviors which have been described conceptually, experimentally and mathematically as functions of time domain and spin polarity, angular momentum, weighted waveform vector velocities and so on.
In August 1999, Dr. Myron Evans, Dr. Lawrence Crowell, Tom Bearden and a team of sixteen other physicists, engineers and mathematicians published the first reformulation of Maxwell’s field equations in over a hundred years [[vi]]. Contained in their extraordinary work are reformulations of the entire family of formulas which have been developed over the past 100 years to describe the attributes, functions and dynamics which characterize the characteristics, properties and mechanics of electromagnetic fields. Their seminal work demonstrates that the functions and attributes of the fields operating at this scale, including N2L2 field effects, can be expressed in terms of parallel geometricized equations.[[vii]]
A careful analysis of the basic formulas developed by Akimov[[viii]], Schwartz[[ix]], Anastasovski[[x]], Trefilov[[xi]], Reed[[xii]], Santilli[[xiii]] and others, is extremely revealing the most stunning thing about them is the discovery that the characteristics of all four primary fields and the 5th field [which we have called the N2L2 field] appear to be completely accommodated by the set of functions which comprise spin polarity in linear, longitudinal and transverse wave functions, and angular momentum at both the quantum and macrocosmic level. While there is still much work to be done here, it seems more than coincidental that these attributes are precisely what cause the N2L2 field to operate as it does. The formulas referred to include the Fermi-Pasta-Ullam Lattice [[xiv]], Einsteins equations, the Young-Mills equations[[xv]] and Geisenbergs equations.[[xvi]]
It has been categorically shown that information is conveyed via the N2L2 field at a rate which is at least 109 times faster than the speed of light. This revelation, which is largely due to the ground breaking work of Russian scientist V.A. Dubrovsky up to 1985, has now been confirmed by at least six other laboratories in the former Soviet states,[[xvii]] by Prof. Dr. Guenter Nimtz and his colleagues at Cologne University[[xviii]], and Lijun Wang[[xix]], Alexander Kuzmich and Arthur Dogariu of the NEC Institute[[xx]]. The group velocity of N2L2 field waves has also independently been shown to be at least 109 times the speed of light.[[xxi]]
The litmus test regarding this issue is found in the recent award by NASA of a contract to develop a N2L2 field communications system. The award was announced on August 19, 1999, under the title, NASA Glenn Announces Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Selections.[[xxii]]
A practical set of experiments which reveal just how important this concept is has been conducted both in the US and in the former Soviet states. In the United States, Bill Ramsay[[xxiii]] describes an experiment in which scientist Greg Hodowanec was able to record information produced by the occurrence of a solar flare more than eight and a half minutes before it was confirmed by NOAA, when the photons and particles liberated by the event entered the earths atmosphere. He was able to measure the magnitude of the event, in real-time, as it occurred [[xxiv]], more than 90,000,000 miles away. Candace Pert identifies a similar phenomenon in her exhaustive investigations and reporting of virtually instantaneous information transport in biological systems.[[xxv]]
Nick Anthony Fiorenza and Alistair Couper have both reported on the use of gravimetric devices to record the actual transit locations of the planet Pluto, orders of magnitude faster than was possible using measurements based on conventional light wave sensing devices.[[xxvi]] The devices used by Fiorenza and Couper have been employed by Russian astronomers to determine the precise real-time locations of stellar formations and planets [[xxvii]]. The results of their work bears heavily on the assumption that information contained in any single location in the cosmos can be instantaneously obtained at any other locale, regardless of the extent to which events are separated by time, space or distance. This assumes that the means of observation are engineered to comport with N2L2 field dynamics rather than relying on the data transfer rates associated with radio frequency emissions [light].
We have reason to believe, based on the ground breaking work of V.A. Ablekov, David Bohm and Karl Pribram [[xxviii]], that the N2L2 field is holographic and operates ubiquitously, by definition, throughout the cosmos. The combination of the features identified by their research suggests that the phenomena associated with Bohm’s ‘Implicate Order’ and Pribram’s ‘Holographic Model of Human Consciousness’, which are otherwise inexplicable, can now be accommodated.
Unlike electromagnetism, where analogous charges repel and opposite charges attract, in N2L2 fields similar charges attract and opposite charges repulse.[[xxix]]
As a N2L2 field is generated by the classical spin of a magnetic plate, we can observe and measure the precise effects of the alteration of spin state on the object or system which is encompassed by it. At the Institute for Problems of Materials Science in Kiev, scientists have for more than 25 years used N2L2 field generators as an essential component of the apparatus used to manufacture exceedingly exotic materials, for which we have no comparable products in the West. These include mono-molecular powdered metals, solid state energy accumulators, textiles comprised of woven basalt fibers, and certain varieties of atomically engineered carbon.[[xxx]]
N2L2 field emissions are non-dissipative and are not attenuated by the interposition of mass or the effects of distance. N2L2 fields cannot be screened by any known materials except aluminum, nor any known combination of materials or fields.[[xxxi]] The results of the 1986 Moscow M-2 N2L2 field wave communications experiments have been widely distributed. In this demonstration, a directional N2L2 field was modulated with a simple variation of the Morse code. The signal was instantaneously received at a point more than 22 kilometers distant, using a simple low power gravimetric signal detection device. The signal was passed through steel reinforced concrete more than 50 meters thick, after having been propagated through a mountain more than 10 kilometers wide. Variations of this experiment have been successfully performed in a number of other locations in the former Soviet states and by the US Department of Defense since that time.[[xxxii]]
The total absence of loss of signal strength, referred as attenuation, during the spread of a N2L2 field wave group, suggests that long-distance communication may one day be possible with the use of very low transmission power and unlimited bandwidth. The fact that N2L2 field waves are not attenuated [weakened] by any known material substances or fields suggests that we may one day be able to devise systems which are capable of communicating through water or any density of physical material [[xxxiii]]. This concept also suggests that we should be able to devise communications systems capable of supporting real-time communication without regard to the vast distances of space.
Since all known substances possess a non-zero collective spin state [this means, in simple terms, that everything is always in motion at all scales], then all substances must also operate within their own localized N2L2 fields. The expanse and frequency structure of any substance is determined by its chemical composition and the expanse structure of its molecules or crystalline lattice. A clear understanding of these mechanics in the context of Y-Bias interactions enables us to design-engineer energy storage devices which have energy conversion characteristics well in excess of gasoline [650 watt hours/kg].[[xxxiv]]
At the Institute for Problems of Materials Science located in Kiev, Republic of Ukraine, a scientific team led by Academicians Trefilov, Tovschuk and Kovalyuk created a solid-state energy cell which produces 850-1040 watt-hours/kilogram, in laboratory prototypes. This is at least 35-50 times the energy density of any known conventional energy storage devices developed in the West. The reliability of their claims regarding this technology has been verified by INEEL, DARPA and the AMTL. A key element of their crystalline lattice deposition method relies on the effects of a N2L2 field beam technologies.[[xxxv]] Russian scientists have now completed applications-engineering exercises which harness this phenomenon in the form of ‘super-capacitors.'[[xxxvi]]
It has been shown that N2L2 fields demonstrate persistence. This attribute is referred to in the literature as a “residual field effect.”[[xxxvii]] A N2L2 field source of a defined expanse and frequency has been consistently shown to polarize the localized region of the Physical Vacuum. Once the energizing space-spin source has been put in motion and a N2L2 field has been created, and then removed to another place, the space which surrounded the N2L2 field generator continues to exhibit the effects of the N2L2 field for as long as several hours. Poponin definitively demonstrated N2L2 field persistence in a faraday-caged light-scattering chamber for periods in excess of 31 days.
In the context of Y-Bias and Angularity, the authors delineate the dynamics which cause the persistence of residual field effects. By this means they explain the functional dynamics associated with dowsing, magnetically effected molecules of water and so on.[[xxxviii]] A clear and present example of the applications made possible by this information is illustrated by the work of a team of physicians from the CIS. Using the work of V. Kronin as the basis for their treatment modality, a team of Russian physicians has been working at the laboratories of the Centers For Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia, and Baylor University Medical Research Center in Houston, Texas, since 1998. Their project demonstrates a revolutionary new medical treatment modality which capitalizes on this attribute of N2L2 field mechanics, to fundamentally cure patients infected with the hepatitis-C virus.[[xxxix]]
Teams of scientists from more than 50 laboratories have shown that it is now feasible to deliberately perform a wide variety of carefully calibrated functions using N2L2 field devices.[[xl]] We can build N2L2 field generators of both static and radiating types.[[xli]] We can select, adjust and fine-tune frequencies modulated into the field with a high degree of precision.[[xlii]] We can modulate into and retrieve data out of a N2L2 field, including via two dimensional spin matrices.[[xliii]] We can operate efficiently in a variety of different modes of signal radiation.[[xliv]] We can adjust and smooth the intensity of the S-waves and we can operate in both left and right S-wave chiral helicities.[[xlv]]
N2L2 fields can be detected, generated and switched on and off (such as in communications applications).[[xlvi]] We have demonstrated that a N2L2 field can be designed to interact with laser beams [[xlvii]], to modulate light frequencies and perform other functions. N2L2 fields have been demonstrated to have a specific effect on biological processes [[xlviii]] and have been shown to be generated by certain melting and solidifying materials.[[xlix]] N2L2 fields affect the oscillation of quartz crystals [[l]], affect the functional characteristics of some Electronic components [[li]], and have been shown to have verifiable, measurable and predictable effects on gravity.[[lii]]
The seminal experimental verification of this principle has been provided by N. Gisin and his team at CERN, Geneva. [[liii]] A team of physicists at the CERN particle accelerator facility in Geneva, Switzerland, led by Dr. Nicolas Gisin, demonstrated that there is a N2L2 field effect which conveys information instantaneously, regardless of time or distance, at least 109 times faster than C, the speed of light.
C.E.R.N. Non-Locality Experiments
In 1996, Dr. Nicolas Gisin and his colleagues at Geneva’s CERN linear particle accelerator facility made an incredible breakthrough related to Bell’s Theorem and its predictions. Bell’s predictions regarding non-local effects at a distance in a quantum system had never been verifiable because the physical devices needed to measure the instantaneous occurrence of two identical events at a distance had not yet been developed. But in 1996, Dr. Gisin and his colleagues performed an experiment which has significant implications.
Gisin etal succeeded in separating the twin particles of a Positron-Electron pair [via potassium-niobate crystal separation] and then sending them off in two opposite directions through more than 30 kilometers of fiber optic cable. As one of the particles was exposed to an electromagnetic field which altered its spin polarity, the second particle instantaneously accommodated this alteration by modifying its own spin polarity to compensate, in the same manner as it would have if the pair had not been separated.
After verifying this experiment a number of times, the team published a report which made the observation that the information which was shared between the two particles could not have been transmitted by light because the velocity of the information exchange occurred at least one order of magnitude (ten times) faster than the speed of light. They further suggested that the information must have been conveyed by a mechanism which is not known to science or accommodated by our current model of quantum mechanics. They have called their result Simultaneity Non-Local Effects at a Distance.
This experiment goes to the heart of the matter. The standard model does not accommodate this result despite the fact that it is specifically predicted by Bell’s Theorem. In fact, despite repeated validation of the phenomenon at increasingly greater distances, the scientific community in general has thus far refused to accept the inescapable fact that nothing in current formulations of scalar dynamics can be relied on to explain how and why this phenomenon operates. The authors posit that this concept is entirely understandable when considered in the context of Y-Bias, Angularity and SOC systems theory.
The direction of spin and charge polarity exhibited by interactions at the Zero Point are primary attributes of charge ensembles which are first manifest at the secondary scale. At this scale, as Frolov rightly suggests, time operates in both forward and backward directions, at all times maintaining a balanced condition. The following conditions illuminate this consideration:
1. Time is a dimension with energy density of its own, and [[liv]] 2. The balanced time-as-energy component is an intrinsic attribute of real ensembles operating at the secondary scale, and 3. This attribute continues to operate without attenuation at all subsequent levels of organization, and 4. Electrons are not [as the standard model insists] ‘their own primary particles’, but are, rather, aggregations of virtual ensembles which are, as Maris rightly observes, themselves comprised of finer stuff [e.g., Leptoquarks], and 5. This set of properties is ubiquitous to and invariant within the fabric of the entire universe.
We now can explain how the information that defines the net sum values of charge, time-domain and spin polarity in primary and secondary scale interactions is transmissible throughout the cosmos, without regard to space or time. At this scale, because these interactions are by definition holographic, neither distance nor time impinge on the relationships or interactions between the ensembles.
In fact, at the secondary scale, Time operates with forward and backward balance as a self-organizing feature. In this sense, then, when any of the characteristics exhibited by one charge/spin ensemble with respect to its partner is altered, the attributes exhibited by the partnering ensemble MUST instantaneously respond in order to maintain the time-energy balance which operates at this scale, regardless of the distance which may separate them. In terms of Y-Bias and Angularity theory, in order for the SOC processes to operate as they do, the results predicted by Bell and experimentally verified by Gisin and Aharonov/Bohm must be so by definition.
[ii] Wheeler, J.A. Einsteins Vision, Springer-Verlag, 1968, page 112. See also A. Dolgov, Yu. Zeldovdich, M. Sazhin, Cosmology of the Early universe, MGU Publ., Moscow 1988, page 200 (in Russian). See also M. Lavrentev et al, On Remote Action of Stars on Resistor, Doklady AN SSSR, 1990, vol 314, no 2, page 352 (in Russian). See also A. Pugach, A. Akimov, Astronomical Observations by N. Kozyrevs Methodology: Preliminary Results, in the press (in Russian)
[iii] Santilli, R. Il Grande Grido:A Cry in the Wilderness loc.cit.
[iv] “Inclusive Jet Cross Section in pbar p Collisions at sqrt s = 1.8TeV,” F. Abe et al., The CDF Collaboration, FERMILAB-PUB-96/020-E. Submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. January 24, 1996 — Abstract, Paper
[v] R. Santilli, loc. cit.
[vi] The New Maxwell Electrodynamic Equations: New Tools for New Technologies. A Collection of 60 papers from the Alpha Foundation’s Institute for Advanced Study. Journal of New Energy, Winter (1999) ISSN: 1086-8259
[vii] L.B. Crowell, “Quantum Electrodynamics of NonAbellian Electrodynamics in a Cavity,” Journal of New Energy, Volume 4 No.2, page 70-81, (Summer 1999).
[viii] Akimov, A.E., Finogenov, V.”P Experimentainiya Proyavleniya Torsionnykh Polei i Torsionnye Tekhnologii” (“Experimental Manifestations of Torsion Fields and Torsion-Based Techniques”), Moscow: NTTs Informatekhnika, 1996, 68 pages, published by Sci-Tech Center Informatekhnika.(in Russian).
[ix] Swartz, M.R. “Generality of Optimal Operating Point Behavior in Low Energy Nuclear Systems,” Journal of New Energy, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 218-229.
[x] Anastasovski, P.K., Benson, T.M. Quantum Mass Theory Compatible With Quantum Field Theory, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. (1995) ISBN: 1.56072-157-X.
[xi] Trefilov, A. etal I.N. Frantsevic Institute For Problems of Materials Science, Anthropos Files ref/
[xii] Reed, D. “Torsion Field Research and Implications for New Physics and Energy Technologies,” Journal of New Energy, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp 151-164 (Summer 1999).
[xiii] Santilli, R., Il Grande Grido, loc.cit.
[xiv] Iooss, G., Traveling Waves in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam Lattice, in Nonlinearity, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2000, pp. 849-866 (18), Institute of Physics Publishing. Abstract:
We consider travelling wave solutions on a one-dimensional lattice, corresponding to mass particles interacting nonlinearly with their nearest neighbour (the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model). A constructive method is given, for obtaining all small bounded travelling waves for generic potentials, near the first critical value of the velocity. They all are given by solutions of a finite-dimensional reversible ordinary differential equation. In particular, near (above) the first critical velocity of the waves, we construct the solitary waves(localized waves with the basic state at infinity) whose global existence was proved by Friesecke and Wattis, using a variational approach. In addition, we find other travelling waves such as (a) a superposition of a periodic oscillation with a non-zero uniform stretching or compression between particles, (b) mainly localized waveswhich tend towards a uniformly stretched or compressed lattice at infinity, (c) heteroclinic solutionsconnecting a stretched pattern with a compressed one.
[xv] Young-Mills Equations, ref.
[xvi] Akimov, A.E., An Heuristic Discussion of an Issue of a Discovery of New Long Distance Interactions, EGS-Concepts. MNTC VENT, pre-print N7A, page 63 (in Russian); Akimov, Shipov, Torsion Fields And Their Experimental Manifestations, Journal of New Energy, Vol. 2, No. 2, page 68, Summer 1997.
[xvii] Dubrovsky, V. Elastic Model of a Physical Vacuum, DAN USSR, vol 282, no 1, 1985 (in Russian).
[xviii] Nimtz, G. Superluminal Signal Velocity, Annalen der Physik 7, 618 (1998); see also G. Nimtz, W. Heitmann, Superluminal Photonic Tunneling and Quantum Electonics, Progress in Quantum Electronics, vol. 21, 81 (1997); see also, A. Enders, G. Nimtz, “Photonic Tunneling Experiments,” Physics Review, B 47, 9605 (1993) regular paper; see also, A. Enders, G. Nimtz, On Superluminal barrier Transversal, Journal of Physics (France),vol. 2, at pp. 1693 (1992); see also, G. Nimtz, A. Enders, H. Spieker, Photonic Tunneling Experiments: Superluminal Tunneling, Trani Workshop, 24-30 September 1992, Waves and Particles in Light and Matter. A.v.d. Merwe and A. Garuccio (eds.), Plenum Press, NY (1994).
[xix] G. M. Wang, E. M. Sevick, Emil Mittag, Debra J. Searles, and Denis J. Evans, “Experimental Demonstration of Violations of the Second Law of Thermodynamics for Small Systems and Short Time Scales,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 89(5), 29 July 2002, 050601. The authors experimentally demonstrate some new results for the integrated transient fluctuation theorem, which predicts appreciable and measurable violations of the second law of thermodynamics for small systems over short time scales. Entropy consumption is experimentally demonstrated over colloidal length (micron size) and time scales for up to two seconds. (We point out that a cubic micron of water, e.g., contains some 30 billion molecules. So this is an appreciable effect indeed, having very powerful implications for chemistry, and it has been surprising to most physicists).
[xx] Associated Press, Light Can Break Its Own Speed Limit…, July 20, 2000.
[xxi] Bunin, V.A. Newest Issues of Gravitation in the Light of Classical Physics, Proceedings 4th Astro-Geological Meeting Geographical Society of AS USSR, L. 1962, page 88 (in Russian). See also V.A. Bunin, Unitary Electra-Gravitation Equations of Mathematical Physics, Auto-repherates of speeches in the section entitled MOIP, 1965, no 1, p 4 (in Russian).
[xxii] Quantum Fields, LLC Press Releases. Current NASA news is found at www.grc.nasa.gov/Doc/news.htm. On August 19, Quantum Fields, LLC, received word from NASA that their proposal submitted to the breakthrough propulsion physics program was selected for funding. A copy of the press release follows, along with a link to a summary of the proposal. See the URL at <www.quantumfields.com/EPRproject.htm> www.quantumfields.com/EPRproject.htm.
(2) Jordan Maclay (Quantum Fields, LLC) Richland Center, WI) and MEMS Optical, Inc. (Huntsville, AL) proposed an experimental and theoretical study of quantum vacuum energy. The experiments will use micro-electromechanical devices to test force and energy effects by quantum electrodynamics.
FEASIBILITY OF COMMUNICATION USING QUANTUM CORRELATIONS
For all space missions, it is imperative to have reliable communication links to transmit data, computer codes, or other information. The current electromagnetic communications technologies (including laser, RF, X band, S. band) do not scale well as the mission distance increases. With current methods, the power, weight, cost and complexity increase rapidly with distance, while the transmission reliability decreases. We propose to explore the possibility of a revolutionary approach to communications based on recent theoretical and experimental developments in quantum physics, in particular based on quantum correlations between entangled atoms or ions (EPR pairs). Recent experiments have verified the existence of quantum correlations between entangled atoms photons, in which the polarization measurement of one photon is always correlated with the measured polarization of another, distant photon (this is a specific reference to the work of Nicolas Gisin and his team at CERN, Geneva). Theory indicates it is not possible to use standard quantum mechanical measurements on entangled systems, such as polarization correlations of photons, for communications. Current theory restricts but may not deny the possibility of using quantum mechanical correlations in small movements or adiabatic perturbations of entangled atoms as a communication means. Further, if non-linear modifications to quantum mechanics suggested by Nobel Laureate S. Weinberg are present, then EPR communications is clearly allowed. If experiment verified that the use of EPR pairs was viable, it should be possible to develop an almost ideal communications system, a compact, low weight, communication architecture in which no broadcast power or antenna is required, no environmental noise is present, the signal does not fall off as the inverse square of the distance, and high data rates with complete security are possible. The purpose of this effort is to investigate the possibility of using quantum correlations in the adiabatic movements of atoms as a means of communication, to perform an initial theoretical feasibility analysis, identifying the key issues with such an approach, and to propose an experiment to resolve some of the fundamental questions.
[xxiii] Ramsay, B. “Generic Gravity Wave/ Scalar Detector,” Journal of New Energy, Proceedings of the 5th INE Symposium, Vol.4, No. 2, Summer 1999, pp 148-150.
[xxiv] Hodowanec, G. Hodowanec’s Rhysmonic Cosmology, a collection of notes, papers and articles authored by G. Hodowanec, reflecting some of the theoretical and experimental findings, as well as the 1985 monograph Rhysmonic Cosmology. Available c/o B. Ramsay Publisher, 563 29 ¼ Road #3, Grand Junction, Colo, 81504, (970)241-5863. See also Bill Ramsay, Fixed Rate Scanning, Enigma or Research Tool?, unpublished paper August 1997. See also, Bill Ramsay, Exploring the Aethers: Adventures Inspired by Hodowanecs Discoveries, Proceedings of the International Symposium on New Energy, Denver, Colorado, May 12-15, 1994
[xxv] Pert, C. “Molecules of Emotion”, ref.
[xxvi] Fiorenza, Nick Anthony Gravitational Wave and Planetary Correspondence, Argo Navis, Inc., 288 Bluff St. Suite 474, Boulder, Colorado, 80301, 1994. See also Alastair, Measuring Gravity, 181 Star Route, Hana, Hawaii, 96713. See also firstname.lastname@example.org <mailto:email@example.com> .
[xxvii] Matveyenko, L.I. “Visible Superlight Speeds of Components Scattering Extra-Galactic Objects,”UPhN, 1989, vol. 140, no. 3, p 469 (in Russian).
[xxviii] Hameroff, S. etal, Tubulin Dimers ref/
[xxix] Akimov, Shipov et al, Torsion Fields And Their Experimental Manifestations, J. New Energy, vol 2, no 2, page 72, 1997.
[xxx] Yurth, D. The Anthropos Files loc.cit.
[xxxi] Akimov, Shipov et al, Torsion Fields And Their Experimental Manifestations, J. New Energy, vol 2, no 2, page 74, 1997.
[xxxii] Akimov, A.E.”Torsion Communications of the Third Millennium,” Papers of the International Conference “Modern Telecommunication Technologies,” Moscow, May 1995 (Russian). See also A. E. Akimov, G.I. Shipov, “Torsion Fields and Their Experimental Manifestations, Journal of New Energy, Vol.2No2. 1997 @ page 78.
[xxxiii] Akimov, Shipov et al, Torsion Fields And Their Experimental Manifestations, J. New Energy, vol 2, no 2, page 72, 1997.G.
[xxxiv] Convegno Internazionale: Quale Fisca per 2000? Bologna, 1991. See also D. Yurth, Anthropos Files, ibid.
[xxxv] Yurth, D., The Anthropos Files, ref.
[xxxvi] Super capacitors, ref. found at www.esma-cap.com/?lang=English
[xxxvii] Akimov, A.E., Binghi, V. Homeopathy, Quantum Physics and Torsion Fields, Proceedings of the Congress of the International Homeopathic Association, Kiev, Sept. 25-29, 1991, page 143 (in Russian). See also V. Binghi, Induction of Metastable States of Water within the Framework of Torsion Field Concepts, CISE VENT, 1991, preprint no 3, page 35. (in Russian).
[xxxviii] Harvalik, Z.V. The American Dowser, 1973, vol 13, no 3, page 85, 87. See also D. Chadwic, L. Jensen, Utah Water Research Lab., College of Engineering, Utah State Univ., Logan, 1971, page 120. See also S.W. Tromp, Experiments on the Possible Relationship Between Soil Resisting and Dowsing Zones, Oegatgeest, 1956.
[xxxix] The frequency signature of the Hepatitis-C virus was mapped using infra-red spectrometry, a specially designed scalar interferometer and MRI technologies. The complex waveform which is mutually exclusive to the Hep-C virus was then fed into a desktop computer and converted to a waveform which was its phase conjugated opposite. The resulting waveform information was then fed to a NL2 fieldt generator which was used to irradiate a .5% molal solution of NaCl (Ringer’s) for a period of 30 minutes. The ionic salt solution emitted a phase conjugated signal when fed into the patients system. The solution was infiltrated into the vascular system of 15 patients diagnosed with advanced cases of Hep-C. After 30 days of three-times-per-week treatment, 14 of the 15 patients were diagnosed as being completely free of any sign of infection. The 15th patient died during treatment from complications arising from an extremely advanced, chronic case of the disease. The technology is now being tested under double blind protocols by Dr. Robert Pennington and virologists at the Baylor University Medical Center.
[xl] Sciama, D.W. The Physical Structure of General Relativity, Rev. Mod. Phys., 1964, no 36, page 463. See also D. Ivanenko, P. Pronin, G. Sardanashvilli, Calibrating Gravitation Theory, BGU Publ., Moscow, 1985, page 143 (in Russian). See also Ya Zeldovich, Interpretation of Electrodynamics as Consequences of Quantum Theory, Pisma v. ShETF., 1967, vol6 no 10, page 922 (in Russian). See also A. Sakharov, Vacuum Quantum Fluctuation in Curved Space and the Gravitation Theory, DAN, 1967, no 1, page 70 (in Russian). See also V. Bellin et al, On Quantum Gravitation Effects in Isotrope universe, ZhETF, vol 6, 1980, page 2082 (in Russian).
[xli] Akimov, A.E., Finogenov, V.P. “Experimentainiya Proyavleniya Torsionnykh Polei i Torsionnye Tekhnologii” (Experimental Manifestations of Torsion Fields and Torsion-Based Techniques), Moscow: NTTs Informatekhnika, 1996, 68 pages, published by Sci-Tech Center Informatekhnika.(in Russian).
[xliv] Ivanenko, D., Pronin, P., Sardanashvilli, G. “Calibrating Gravitation Theory,” BGU Publ., Moscow, 1985, page 143 (in Russian).
[xlvi] Fox, H., Ramsay, B. The Super-Luminal Velocity of Gravity Waves, Trenergy, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, 1998, 4 pages with references.
[xlvii] Obukov, Yu., Pronin, P., Yakushin, I. On the Experimental Estimations of the Axial Torsion Mass and Coupling Constants, in the press (in Russian). See also Ch. Imbert, “Calculation and Experimental Proof of the Transverse Shift Induced by a Total Internal Reflection of a Circularly Polarized Light Beam,” Phys. Rev. D, 1972, vol 5, no 4, page 787 (in Russian). See also Phantom DNA Effect as defined by V. Poponin, loc.cit.
[xlviii] Zhvirblis, V.E. Playing Bubliks, Chemistry and Life, no 5, 1995, pages 10-15. See also V.A. Sokolova, Investigation of the Plants Response to the Action of Torsion Radiation, preprint no 48, Moscow: VENT, 1994, 32 pages. See also V.F. Panov, B.V. Testov, A.V. Klyuev, T.D. Afonina, Effect of Torsion Radiation on Mammals Organism, in: Reports Theses, PERM State Medical Academy, Scientific Session of 1997, PERM, (Russia), thesis no 159. See also 
[xlix] Kichigin, V.I., Klyuev, A.V., Kurapov, S.A., Panov, V.F.,. Khaldeev, G.V., Borisova, T.F. Torsion Fields and Eelctrochemical Processes at Metal-Electrolyte Interface, Journal of New Energy, vol 1, no 2, 1996, pages 27-31. See also V.P. Mayboroda, A.E. Akimov, G.A. Maximova, V.Y. Tarasenko, V.K. Shkholniy, Influence of the Torsion Fields in Tin Melt, MNTP, VENT, pre-print no 49, Moscow: 1994, 13 pages (in Russian). See also V.P. Mayboroda, A.E. Akimov, G.A. Maximova, V.Y. Tarasenko, V.K. Shkholniy, N.G. Palaguta, G.M. Moltchanovskaya, Structure and Properties of Copper Inherited From a Melt After Applying to it a Torsion Emission, MNTP, VENT, pre-print no 50, Moscow: 1994, 11 pages (in Russian).
[l] Akimov, A., Kurik, M., Tatasenko, V. Effect of Spinor (Torsion) Field on Crystallization of Micellar Structures, Biotekhnologiya, 1991, no 3, page 69 (in Russian). See also V. Zhitnikov, A. Kamenshchikov, V. Ponomarev, Precision Gravity Measurements and New Types of Physical Interactions, Gravitational and Hypothetical Interactions, ed. By Ya. Teriletsky UDN Publ., Moscow, 1989, page 3 (in Russian). See also C.I. Cheng, P. Li, K.I. Szeto, Microscopic Detection of Spin-Dependent Long-Range Interaction, Phys. Lett. A., 1991, n0 4-5, page 235 (in Russian).
[li] Reed et al., Super-Luminal Velocity of Gravity Waves, loc.cit.
[lii] Obukhov, Yu., Pronin, P. Physical Effects in Theory of Gravitation With Torsion, Moscow: VINITI, 1991, page 5 (in Russian).
[liii] Gisin, N. Simultaneity Non-Local Effects at a Distance, loc.cit
[liv] Wilcock, D. Comment: I highly recommend that you check out RST Reciprocal System Theory first put forth by Dr. Dewey Larson. They posit a balanced universe with three dimensions of space and three of time, and with a very small set of assumptions they can build a solid cosmology that covers just about everything missing in the classical models. Dr. Bruce Peret has further modified classic Larsonian thinking in what I believe to be a valid direction, by invoking the idea of counterspace and projective geometry as being the characteristics of the time domain. You need more than one dimension to account for the helical nature of torsion waves and the geometric substructures that can form within the PV itself. I have always known that the ultimate unification theory would integrate Russian torsion-field studies, geometric phenomena and Larsonian thought. Unfortunately none of these categories of thinkers are familiar enough with each others work to perform this unification.